Library & Data

Use our Library & Data section to view and download all of our ChinaFAQs fact sheets, graphics, and links to sources for climate and energy data.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 16:12

The energy accounting system in China covers three areas: energy production; energy circulation (transmission and distribution) among different provinces; and energy consumption. The system is intended to collect energy data from specific sectors as needed to calculate the energy intensity of GDP as accurately as possible. The figure demonstrates the primary data and end use sectors covered by this process.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 15:59

Several specific sectoral plans have been developed under the Five-Year Plan including the forestry sector. Quantitative targets are also identified in these sectoral plans. This table shows the energy intensities and targets for major industry sectors as specified in the energy development plan.

Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 15:50

National policy on energy conservation and climate change plays an important role in overall national strategy. The 11th Five-Year Plan sets 22 quantitative targets in four categories: economic growth, economic structure, environment and resources, and public services. These are quantifiable national development or economic growth metrics.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:26

In 2008, China’s National Development and Reform Commission adopted a standard requiring all new coal-fired power plants to be state-of-the-art commercially available or better technology. As a result, today most of the world’s most efficient (supercritical and ultra-supercritical) coal-fired power plants are being built in China.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:23

Since nearly three quarters of China’s GHG emissions result from the combustion of fossil fuels for energy, new Chinese energy policies will have a profound impact on China’s contribution to global warming. While China has traditionally avoided policies that explicitly target GHG emissions, its energy and forestry programs have provided the framework for its National Climate Change Program.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:20

China’s energy mix is unusually tilted toward industrial uses, and thus improvements in the industrial sector have large overall impacts.

Thursday, December 10, 2009 - 16:04

Today, each Chinese citizen produces only one fifth the GHG emissions of an average American consumer, and China still has many unmet energy needs. Most Chinese have a much lower standard of living than the average American. Half the Chinese population has no access to winter heating, and most have limited access to motorized transportation. Therefore, the challenge for China in the short term is to reduce the rate of growth of its GHG emissions as it strives to meet the growing energy demands of its people.

Wednesday, December 9, 2009 - 16:40

Improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon intensity in the power sector have been major goals for the Chinese government. This trend contrasts with the United States, where new coal-fired power plants built in the 1980s and 1990s were actually less efficient than those built in the 1970s. While China is still increasing its overall electricity output at a rapid rate - slightly more than one power plant per week - new power plants both add to capacity and replace less efficient, smaller power plants and direct (and very dirty) coal-burning at industrial sites.

Wednesday, December 9, 2009 - 16:36

China’s National Development and Reform Commission’s “Top 1,000 Enterprises Program” is central to its efforts to reduce national energy intensity by 20 percent. Established in its current form in 2006, this program imposes a significant portion of the overall 20 percent energy intensity target directly on China’s 1,000 largest state-owned enterprises, most of which are in heavy industry (see figure). In 2005 the enterprises in the program accounted for at least 33 percent of total primary energy demand and 47 percent of industrial energy demand. The program met its goals in the first year, achieving the full 20 percent of its five-year target and actually exceeded its targets in 2007.

Graphics, Energy Efficiency