WRI: Closure Programs in Key Sectors, 2004

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Closing small thermal power plants is part of the national energy saving and pollution reduction eff ort to meet the national target of 20 percent reduction in energy intensity by 2010. Th is program, which operates in parallel with plans to build larger, more efficient plants, is offi cially called “The Program of Large Substituting for Small.” In order to promote the robust development of China’s power industry, NDRC has required the closure of small-scale thermal power units with high energy consumption and poor pollution control, and delegated this task to provincial governments and the power and grid companies.

There are similar programs in other industrial sectors. Some major substitution and closure programs to phase out inefficient equipment in key sectors are listed in the table.