Fact Sheets

ChinaFAQs: An Intense Push for Energy Efficiency

Key Points

  • Although a dominant image of China’s economic boom has been billowing smokestacks from burning coal, its efforts to increase energy efficiency are noteworthy.
  • China is on track to meet a goal of reducing national energy intensity by 20% by 2010. This target, set in 2005, is the cornerstone of a set of policies to cut energy and emissions growth.
  • As a direct result of policies, greenhouse gas emissions are measurably lower today than under the “business as usual” scenario. These gains suggest that real progress is possible in the future.

ChinaFAQs: Efficiency, a Thousand Companies at a Time

Key Points

  • China’s “Top-1000 Energy-Consuming Enterprises Program” focuses on energy efficiency improvements in large enterprises that make up 33% of China’s energy use and a similar share of energy-related CO2 emissions.
  • Almost all of the 1,000 large enterprises have developed energy efficiency plans, which so far have produced more than 10,000 energy saving projects.
  • At the program’s current rate, benefits will exceed the initial goal of saving 100 million tons of coal-equivalent by 2010, an emissions reduction of about 250 million tons of CO2.

ChinaFAQs: China & Climate: An Overview

Talking Points

  • China’s development poses a paradox. Rapid growth has helped make China the world’s leading producer of greenhouse gases (just ahead of the United States). But it is also an emerging, and often overlooked, world leader in improving energy efficiency and producing green electricity.
  • Climate science makes it clear that China must slow the growth of its future greenhouse gas emissions if the world is to limit warming. The Chinese government has adopted ambitious plans to curb emissions, and has already made some progress. But it confronts an array of political, economic and demographic challenges.
  • The United States–and the rest of the world–has an enormous stake in China overcoming those challenges.