United States-China Cooperation

Energy Consumption by Major End-Use Sector in China (1980-2007) and the U.S. (2007)

China’s energy use more than quadrupled from 1980 to 2007 (see Fig. 1), and continues to grow, due in part to the demands of urbanization (i.e. construction of new buildings and infrastructure), and in part to rising production of manufactured goods.i Although China has not yet reached the energy consumption level of the U.S, China nonetheless – due to a more polluting fuel mix – recently surpassed the U.S. in energy-related CO2 emissions.ii

US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue: Pledges of Greater Energy Market Transparency and Energy Supply Diversification

Climate change was not the big news it was a year ago at the US-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). This is not surprising given that China made its major commitment on emissions reductions – its 40-45% carbon intensity target by 2020 – last year and US climate legislation is pending in the Senate. But many of the key players on climate change, including Secretary of State Clinton, her Climate Negotiator Todd Stern, and Department of Energy Assistant Secretary David Sandalow, were at the meeting. Energy Secretary Steven Chu stayed in the US to address the Gulf of Mexico oil spill, but his Department co-hosted three major bilateral seminars on energy efficiency, renewable energy and biofuels after the S&ED.

Stephanie Ohshita

Stephanie Ohshita works on energy-based strategies for multiple environmental problems—from local air pollution to global climate change—combining engineering with tools from political economy and organizational analysis. Her research examines: policy design and implementation; energy efficiency (industrial, city-wide); international cooperation mechanisms; city-level climate action; diffusion of clean and efficient technology; emissions inventories; and risk management.

Contact Info: 

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory SBOhshita@lbl.gov (510) 486-5062

ChinaFAQs Experts Testify on China’s Green Energy and Environmental Policies before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, April 8, 2010

ChinaFAQs Experts Rob Bradley, Jennifer Turner, Stephen Hammer, and Angel Hsu testified before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission on April 8 to lend insight into both China’s domestic and international Green Energy and Environmental Policies.

See the Library & Data section for the complete testimonies of all four experts, or follow the links below:

ChinaFAQs Experts to Testify Before Congressional-Executive Commission on China

Senator Byron Dorgan, Chairman and Representative Sander Levin, Cochairman of the Congressional-Executive Commission on China invite you to a roundtable discussion on

“Transparency in Environmental Protection and Climate Change in China”

Thursday, April 1, 2010
2:00 p.m. to 3:30 p.m.
Dirksen Senate Office Building, Room 628

David Pumphrey

David Pumphrey is a senior fellow and co-director of the CSIS Energy and National Security Program. He has extensive public-sector experience in international energy security issues. He was most recently deputy assistant secretary for international energy cooperation at the Department of Energy.

During his career with the US Federal Government, he worked on a wide range of energy policy issues. Mr. Pumphrey led the development and implementation of policy initiatives with individual countries and multilateral energy organizations.

Contact Info: 

Center for Strategic and International Studies
(202) 457-8773

Foreign Wind Companies Create Good U.S. Jobs

There has been a lot of concern in the media (see Green Inc. and Washington Post articles) and in the U.S. Senate recently about stimulus grants for wind energy projects going to China and other foreign countries. On March 3rd, a group of Senators called for the suspension of the renewables grant program until rules had been passed that made sure projects used American components and labor. But there is more to that story than meets the eye.

Empirical evidence demonstrates that predictable support for wind power improves local manufacturing capacity and creates local jobs. Consistent support in the form of the stimulus and long term programs such as a Renewable Energy Standard will give investors the certainty they need to plan and create jobs in the United States.

Solar Hops: US-China Cooperation; Provinces Get Going; Suntech Shining Strong

Its been a while since we've had an extensive discussion of China's solar market. Here, we catch up with some of the major the developments in this space over the past half year or so -- A new US-China dynamic highlighted by two-large scale projects, policy action by provincial-level governments, and lots of activity by Chinese solar poster child Suntech, and more!

Key Opportunities for U.S.-China Cooperation on Coal and CCS

A December 2009 report on Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and Coal in the United States and China, published by the Brookings Institution’s John L. Thorton China Center, authored by ChinaFAQs expert Kelly Sims Gallagher, Associate Professor of Energy and Environmental Policy at The Fletcher School, Tufts University.

One of the most striking commonalities between China and the United States is that both countries are blessed with large coal reserves,and naturally, both rely heavily on coal for their primary energy supply. U.S. coal reserves are estimated at 243 billion tons (29% of world total), and Chinese at 115 billion tons (14% of world total). China’s reserves-to-production ratio, however,is much shorter than that of the United States with only 41 years of currently-estimated economically recoverable coal compared with 224 years in the United States at current production rates (BP Statistical Review 2009). As the most abundant fossil energy resource in both countries, it is virtually certain that both will continue to rely heavily on coal due to its relatively low cost and the energy security benefits related to not having to import substantial foreign supplies of primary energy. The utilization of coal will be increasingly limited by the climate change problem, however, unless advanced coal and carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies can be developed, demonstrated, and rendered cost-effective within the next 5-15 years.

Big New Deals in China for U.S. Renewable Energy Companies

Investing Big in Concentrating Solar

If you’d asked us a few weeks ago, we might have said that China was charging ahead in wind and in solar photovoltaics, but was not a big player in the emerging technology of concentrating solar power. That has now changed dramatically. Last week U.S. company eSolar announced a $5 billion, 2 GW deal with Chinese company China Shandong Penglai Electric Power Equipment Manufacturing Co. If eSolar and partners succeed this will be the largest set of concentrating solar plants anywhere in the world.